HST stem cell transplantation vs FUE and FUT low-cost interventions

What are the main differences between a stem cell transplant and FUE and FUT procedures? This article explains the differences.


There are different hair transplant techniques, different international locations in which each of them can be performed. The cost of each depends on many factors, the personnel who perform it, the health rules of the country and the safety of the execution: each potential patient therefore has the possibility, being informed, to choose the technique, the country of execution and what the higher or lower price they choose to pay is in terms of result and risk.

FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation)

It involves taking a strip of the scalp (STRIP) from the donor area from the operating room, which is then sutured. As a result of this procedure, a scar is created in the sutured collection area, which remains evident with very short hair. This is a technique that to be effective must be performed by experienced surgeons, but it is expensive because operating rooms and surgical staff are expensive. It is not within the reach of all operators and is a real surgical operation.

Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)

is a collection using circular scalpels (ranging from a diameter of more than one millimeter to a minimum of 0.8 millimeter) of individual follicular units of the donor area. This sampling is done manually or via robotic units. Depending on the diameter of the scalpel used, there may be damage on the follicular units removed or on those contiguous to those extracted. This has a significant impact on the regrowth rates of transplanted hair.

Every time you draw blood, there is a small scar. All the scars resulting from all the extractions create a fibrosis of the scalp resulting in hardening of the same limits the possibility of performing successive procedures over time. Practitioners of this technique are often junior physicians or even less qualified staff. The regulations of the different countries already form a substantial differentiation between the types of operators: in Italy, only qualified medical or nursing staff can intervene (operating room not necessary, but surgery).

Abroad, as in Turkey for example, these regulations are much less demanding and so you can find absolutely unqualified operators and non-surgical locations. Patients who choose to have such procedures performed where there are no stringent health rules must be aware of the increased risks they face. It is understandable, in view of all the above, that the cost of such an intervention would be lower than that of FUT (unnecessary operating room and less qualified personnel. However, in foreign countries where the health regulations are not as strict as in Italy, for example in Turkey, it is understood that the intervention carried out in uncontrolled premises, by unqualified technicians, without compliance with the basic health rules imposed in Italy, may seem, for the uninformed patient, very competitive.

HST (Hair Stemcell Transplantation) also known as PL-FUT (Partial Longitudinal Follicular Unit Transplantation)

is an innovative and patented technique that provides for partial extraction of the hair bulb using extremely small and specially studied surgical instruments, 0.5/0.6 mm. The partial extraction is practically free of epidermal tissue and the stem cells of the regrowth are present in the extracted portion and in that remained in situ. The portion of bulb that has not been removed generates in a few months the regrowth of the same type of hair before surgery. On the other hand, the part taken presents hair stem cells directly exposed to the environment.

It is then immersed in a patented drug complex that allows the survival of the latter which otherwise, given its smallness, would perish. This patented medium, which, among other drug components, contains exosomes, gives the sample the strength and energy needed to survive and take root in the reception area. In addition, with a very high survival rate between 95 and 98 percent. This technique is the only one to guarantee the regrowth and regeneration of the donor area, thus allowing to repeat successive operations at a few months interval without providing the donor areas with any of the lesions that FUT and FUE cause. This technique is available in Italy, Switzerland and other European countries where stricter, stricter and more demanding health regulations are applied, both at the level of the operators and the intervention premises.

The International Society of hair restauration advises to be cautious towards the foreign clinics

It is in this regard brought to the attention of potential patients that the IHRS (International Society of Hair Restoration) which is the main international association on hair transplantation, issued a statement suggesting that potential patients should be very careful before relying on foreign low-cost clinics, especially in Turkey. Indeed, there are about a thousand facilities in this country dedicated to hair transplantation, but only about thirty surgeons dedicated to this activity. This clearly means that the vast majority of these Turkish structures are attended by non-medical technical staff. This fact is easily understandable in the likely unpleasant consequences.

HST provides a front line adapted to patient face

In Italy, Switzerland, etc. however, the qualifications and experience of the surgeon to whom we want to rely are available and available to potential patients. The aesthetic competence of these doctors also makes it possible to obtain a frontal line drawing adapted to the patient’s ethnic typology (each type has its own type of frontal line). We know, in fact, that all patients who undergo a hair transplant in Turkey are drawn and transplanted a “Turkish-style” front line that is in total dissonance with the aesthetic criteria of other populations.

Foreign medical teams are not supported by references

Abroad, and in particular in Turkey, the references of the person who will carry out the intervention are not available before the day of the intervention. This is to be considered because the damage that can be caused during a badly performed transplant (for example necrosis of the scalp) can compromise not only the result of this procedure, but also exclude the possibility of further intervention if necessary. Moreover, in the unfortunate case that a hair transplant presents unpleasant complications, it is not always said that the situation can be recovered.

Periodical checks are not done when you do an hair transplantation abroad

It is also important to keep in mind that in order to obtain the best results from a transplant, it must be monitored over time. From the pre-transplant period in order to determine the real causes of hair loss and possible evolution. Periodic post-transplant checks are equally important for a satisfactory result. Naturally, it is understandable that not having to travel abroad is a significant factor in favour of periodic monitoring.


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